One of the main questions people have about cannabidiol (CBD) is what makes it different from tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Many people have an experience with or at least know about THC and its ability to create an intoxicating feeling when used. However, CBD does not create the same intoxicating feeling, which makes it a great choice for individuals who would like to receive the medical benefits from cannabinoids without feeling high. Both THC and CBD have many medical benefits.
An abbreviated list of CBD and THC's benefits:
CBD: pain reliever, reduces anxiety, antidepressant, aids sleep, muscle relaxant, increases appetite, relieves spasms, inhibits tumor cell growth, anti-inflammatory, reduces anxiety
THC: pain reliever, muscle relaxant, increases appetite, relieves spasms, anti-inflammatory, reduces nausea
CBD and THC are the most abundant of many chemical compounds (cannabinoids) found in the cannabis plant that interact with our endocannabinoid system. In the late 1980s, scientists discovered that all humans and animals have an endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system consists of two types of receptors, CB1 and CB2, which are found throughout the body. Our bodies produce cannabinoids on its own and cannabinoids can also be found in other plants such as echinacea and cacao but at much lower levels.
Cannabinoids THC and CBD interact with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in our body in different ways. THC directly interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors while CBD indirectly interacts with the receptors. THC fits nice and snug into the CB1 receptors leading to an intoxicating affect. CBD trying to fit into the CB1 receptors is essentially like trying to fit a square peg into a round hole. It does not fit well into the CB1 receptors so using CBD does not cause an intoxicating affect. CBD also blocks THC from fitting snug into the CB1 receptors which results in less of a high from THC when used in combination with CBD.
Although CBD does not directly interact with the receptors in the endocannabinoid system, it does directly interact with opioid receptors, serotonin receptors, and dopamine receptors. This means that CBD can be used to help with pain, depression, anxiety, addictions, and much more. CBD also hinders the enzymes that break down the natural occurring cannabinoids in our system allowing our bodies to retain beneficial cannabinoids.
CBD does not get you high. However, CBD is psychoactive which means it is a substance that has a profound or significant effect on mental processes. If a high is experienced from using a CBD product then the packaging of the CBD product should be double checked to make sure there is no THC in the product being used. Third party testing of the product should be verified as well to make sure there is no THC in the product. CBD purchased through a licensed dispensary will likely have some THC in the product. Many times the affect of using CBD may lessen chronic anxiety or stress leading some individuals to believe they are experiencing a high. CBD can actually be used to lessen a high if someone uses too much THC and needs to take it down a notch.
CBD and THC come from the wonderful cannabis plant which has many powerful medicinal uses. Determining what you would like to use and how much you would like to use comes down to a personal preference. Both the cannabinoids have a long list of ailments that they may help with. Whether you are using CBD, CBD & THC, or THC alone it is always wise to start low and slow to make sure you can find your perfect dose.